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Glaneuses
JULIEN DUPRE
(1851 - 1910)
Glaneuses
Oil on canvas
36 1/2 x 51 inches
Signed and dated 1880
Provenance:

Rehs Galleries, Inc., New York City
Private collection, California

Exhibited:

Paris Salon, 1880, #1297

Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Artist as Narrator: Nineteenth Century Narrative Art in England and France, September 8 - November 27, 2005.

Working during the last half of the 19th century, Julien Dupré was an artist, considered by most, to be one of the leading exponents of the second genera­tion of Realist painters; a group that also includes Leon Lhermitte, Jules Bastien-Lepage and Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret.  Like J.F. Millet and J. Breton, before them, these artists devoted their artistic careers to the depiction of the toils of the French peasant - often seen hard at work in the fields.  As Hollister Sturges states in Jules Breton and the French Rural Tradition (1982, Joslyn Art Museum):

 

           Salon critics rightly perceived Julien Dupré as Breton's closest follower.  Through idealization of form, he invested his peasant women with a heroic aura, though unlike his predecessor, his figures are usually engaged in vigorous action.  His landscapes, with their cloudy skies and varied motifs, are also much more active.  Their high key color and spontaneous brushwork have a vivacity and freshness that distinguishes them from the somber calm of Breton's scenes. 

Dupré's most enduring and powerful image is that of a single, Herculean, female, positioned dramatical­ly and elegantly in the foreground of the paint­ing, pitching hay.  His finely modeled figures pay tribute to his academic training, as well as his study of the works of Breton and Bouguereau; while his freer handling of the back­ground areas, at times done with a palette knife, shows the influence of the Impressionists.

Dupré received his artistic training in the academic studios of Isidore Pils, Desire-Francois Laugée and Henri Lehmann.  He exhibited his first painting at the Paris Salon in 1876 and thereafter, became a regular exhibitor until his death in 1910.  In 1880 he was awarded a third-class medal for Faucheurs de Luzerne and in 1881 he received a second-class medal for his La Recolte des Foins.  He was honored with a gold medal at the Paris Fair of 1889 and in 1892 was awarded the Legion of Honor.  His work was sought after internationa­lly and he found a good market in the United States.  In 1891 Marion H. Speilman, in his article entitled "The White Cow" (The Magazine of Art, 1891, Vol. 14, p. 415), describes Dupré as:
 

            ... one of the most rising artists of the French School.  H e is individual in his work, accurate as an observer, earnest as a painter, healthy in his instincts and intensely artistic in his impressions and translations of them... he is always one of the attractions at the Salon.

 

Acknowledging his mastery at portraying both animals and humans powerful­ly, yet gracefully, one cannot help but pay tribute to his immense talent in being able to re-create nature's light on canvas - a feat that many have attempted but few have succeeded in accompl­ish­ing.  Whether it is the light filtering through a group of trees onto the figures and animals below or the warm effulgent sun bathing the lush French countrys­i­de, Dupré is always true to nature.

Speilman goes on to remark that: In The White Cow which was amongst the finest works in last year's Salon, several of M. Dupré's merits as a painter are exemplified. The cow - taking a patient and intelligent interest in the operation of milking - is superbly drawn, and her expression admirably rendered.  The light and shade, the balance of composition, and the rendering and disposition of the figures combine in this picture to produce a canvas which pleases the spectator the more he examines it.

Works in public collections (partial listing):

    Haying Scene (1884) - St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO.

    The Haymakers (1886) - Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA.

    Return From the Fields (n.d.) - Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, NE.

    In Pasture (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.

    Haying Scene (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.

    Young Woman Watering Cattle - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.

    Haymaking (1892) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.

    Children Feeding Geese (1881) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.

    Peasant Girl with Sheep - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

    Milking Time - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

    Women in the Fields - Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME.

    The Young Shepherdess - San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA.

    In the Pasture (1883) - University of Kentucky Art Museum, Lexington, KY.

    Le Ballon (1886) - Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery, Reading, PA.

 
INDEX - A VISUAL HISTORY > <
Virtual Exhibition Index next prev
AIRY, ANNA (1882 - 1964)The Little Mirror
BARBER, CHARLES BURTON (1845 - 1894)Off to School
BOLOTOWSKY, ILYA (1907 - 1981)Abstract
BONHEUR, AUGUSTE (1824 - 1884)Ploughing in the Nivernais
BONHEUR, ROSA (1822 - 1899)Couching Lion
BOUDIN, EUGENE LOUIS (1824 - 1898)La bassin, Deauville
BOUGUEREAU, WILLIAM A. (1825 - 1905)La Frileuse
BOUGUEREAU, WILLIAM A. (1825 - 1905)Marchande de grenades (Pomegranate Seller)
CHAIGNEAU, JEAN F. (1830 - 1906)Le Jardin de l'Artiste
CHOULTSE, IVAN F. (b.1877)Nuit de Mars, Russie
CLAYS, PAUL JEAN (1819 - 1900)Shipping on the Scheldt
COALE, GRIFFITH BAILEY (1890 - 1950)The Baltimore Flower Mart - 1915
COROT, JEAN-BAPTISTE-CAMILLE (1796 - 1875)Pâturage dans les marais (Souvenir des environs d'Amiens)
CORTÈS, EDOUARD LEON (1882 - 1969)The Breton Family
DAWSON, MONTAGUE (1895 - 1973)The Pirate's Cove, Wafer Bay, Cocos Island
DIÉTERLE, MARIE (1856 - 1935)Troupeau dans un chemin creux
DRUMMOND, ARTHUR (1871 - 1951)Victorian Fantasy
DUPRÉ, JULES (1811 - 1889)Environs de Plymouth
DUPRÉ, JULIEN (1851 - 1910)La rentrée au village
DUPRE, JULIEN (1851 - 1910)La Prairie
DUPRE, JULIEN (1851 - 1910)Glaneuses
ELSLEY, ARTHUR J. (1860 - 1952)Good Night
FISHER, R.A., WILLIAM MARK (1841-1923)In the Garden
FRERE, CHARLES THEODORE (1814 - 1888)A Caravan Crossing the Desert
GIRARDET, EUGENE ALEXIS (1853 - 1907)Outside the Mosque
GIRARDET, EUGENE ALEXIS (1853 - 1907)The Wailing Wall
HERBO, LEON (1850 - 1907)La Charmeuse
ISRAELS, ISAAC (1865 - 1934)Dancing at the Moulin de la Galette
JOUBERT, LEON (fl.1883 - 1900)Un Coin de Seine a Lavacourt
KNIGHT, DANIEL RIDGWAY (1839 - 1924)A Pensive Moment
KNIGHT, DANIEL RIDGWAY (1839 - 1924)En Vendanges
LUNY, THOMAS (1759 - 1837)Engagement Between Sir George Brydges Rodney and the Spanish Squadron, Commanded by Don Juan de Langara, Near Cape St. Vincent, January 16, 1780
MARCKE DE LUMMEN, EMILE VAN (1827 - 1890)Vaches a Pâture
MOREAU, ADRIEN (1843-1906)Une Mascarade au XVII Siecle
MOSTYN, TOM (1864 - 1930)Gather Ye Rosebuds While Ye May
MUNIER, EMILE (1840 - 1895)La retour du marché
MUNIER, EMILE (1840 - 1895)May I Have One Too
PERRAULT, LEON J.B. (1832 - 1908)Away From Home
PERRAULT, LEON J.B. (1832 - 1908)Sleeping Putto
PERUGINI , CHARLES EDWARD (1839-1918)The Green Lizard
RIGOLOT, ALBERT GABRIEL (1862 - 1932)Soleil Levant dans la Brume
ROSSI, ALEXANDER MARK (FL.1870 - 1903)Forbidden Books
ROSSI, ALEXANDER MARK (FL.1870 - 1903) May I Have This Dance?
SALMON, ROBERT (1775 - c.1845) The Estridge off Dover
SCHIELE, EGON (1890 - 1918)Semi-nude with Green Stockings from the Back
SCHRYVER, LOUIS MARIE DE (1862 - 1942)A Young Man's Fancy
SCHRYVER, LOUIS MARIE DE (1862 - 1942)Après l’averse; - place du Théâtre-Français
SEIGNAC, GUILLAUME (1870 - 1924)Reflections
SISLEY, ALFRED (1839 - 1899)La Seine à Suresnes
TOPHAM, FRANCIS W.W. (1838 - 1924)Young Girl on a Swing
WARDLE, ARTHUR (1864 – 1949)The Deer-Stealer
WILLIAMS, EDWARD CHARLES (1807 - 1881)The Old Roadside Inn